Many people think it is normal if they have bleeding gums or swollen gums. They think the reason behind this is flossing or brushing teeth too hard. But this is not the case. If you have swollen or bleeding gums, it is the sign of infection in gums. The infection could be caused by bacteria which act on your teeth and may spread the infection to other teeth as well.
Periodontal diseases are diseases related to swelling and bleeding gums. In other words, infections caused by bacteria comes under the category of periodontal diseases. Peri means around and dontal means teeth. So, Periodontal means diseases around the teeth, i.e. diseases related to gums, root, ligament and alveolar bone.
Early stage of periodontal diseases, gingivitis, affects only gums. But in more severe cases, it affects the tissues that support the teeth. The main cause of these diseases are the bacteria in plaque which are responsible for the infection of gums and teeth. Plaque is the substance which sticks to the teeth soon after brushing them. Our immune system releases substances to kill the bacteria which in turn causes damage to the gums and teeth. This leads to swelling and bleeding of the gums and gingivitis. In some cases, the teeth may even become loose.
Prevention to any disease related to gums lies in the removal of plaque. Controlling plaque helps in limiting the periodontal diseases. This can be done in various ways. One way is how people administer oral hygiene and other way is how dentists recommend ways to prevent plaque.
Brushing your teeth in an effective manner will help remove plaque daily from the teeth without causing damage to the teeth and gums. Flossing is another technique useful in controlling plaque. Another method is regular usage of mouthwash. A good mouthwash containing agents that removes plaque and maintain oral hygiene is a good habit that should be incorporated by everyone. Using a good toothpaste like Vithoba Ayurvedic Toothpaste helps in the cleanliness of mouth and prevention of infections. It is considered as the best ayurvedic toothpaste in India as it helps in the prevention of periodontal diseases. If the plaque is still persistent, opting for professional treatment is always a safe option.